Cervical Cancer

Cancer of the cervix can take many years to develop. Before it does, early changes take place on the cervix. The smear test is designed to detect changes in the cells so that treatment can be given before cancer develops. Abnormal cells in the cervix which are not cancerous but may lead to cancer is called CIN (cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia). Some doctors call these changes precancer, meaning that the cells may develop into cancer if left untreated. The abnormal cells are usually the result of a virus infection, usually by the human papilloma virus, which was probably acquired some years before it was detected by the smear test.



  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding between periods, after menopause or after intercourse

  • Smelly vaginal discharge

  • Experience discomfort or pain during intercourse

If you notice any of the above changes, please see your doctor immediately. Early detection of cervical cancer improves the chance of diagnosing cervical cancer early for better survival.


Reduce your risks

  • Schedule a regular pap smear

For more cancer-related information and support, please visit the Hong Kong Cancer Fund website or contact Hong Kong Cancer Fund free enquiry hotline: (852) 3656 0800


Learn more


Source: Hong Kong Cancer Fund


The information on this page is for reference only. It is not intended to constitute a recommendation, and it is not intended as a substitute for professional advice. You should not act on any information on this page without seeking specific professional advice.